Insect resistance in crop plants.

by Reginald Henry Painter

Publisher: Macmillan

Written in English
Published: Pages: 520 Downloads: 72
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The Physical Object
Number of Pages520
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Open LibraryOL19948477M

Chapter 6 The Present and Future Role of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Cotton in IPM Steven E. Naranjo1,*, John R. Ruberson2, Hari C. Sharma3, Lewis Wilson4, and Kongming Wu5 Abstract Transgenic cottons producing Cry toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) provide for control of lepidopteran pests and were first commercially grown in Australia, Mexico and the USA in   Host plant resistance to insect pests in oilseed crops/Harvir Singh and H. Basappa. Insect resistance in pulse crops progress and perspectives/Ramesh Chauhan Bilochan Dahiya and Praduman Bhatnagar. Perspectives of host plant resistance in vegetable crops/O.P. Lal S.R. Sinha and Y.N. Srivastava.   Pest resistance 3. Pests and Crops Insects attack agricultural products in field and during storage Even with the use of pesticides 13% of the harvested plant products are lost to insect pests Insects belonging to Coleoptera, Lepidoptera and Diptera are major pests Broad spectrum pesticides are used but have harmful side effects Problem tackled. Suggested Citation:"Biological Basis of Insect Resistance in Crop Plants."National Research Council. Insect-Plant gton, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: /

  Plant tolerance and plant resistance are ways that plants deal with stressors in their environment. Resistance and tolerance are plants' best defense mechanisms. At the most basic level, the difference between tolerance and resistance is related to how the plant defends itself. In the case of tolerance, the plant has strategies that helps it to. Management of resistance to Bt crops. There are two main strategies for management of insect resistance to Bt crops: Refuge and pyramiding. The main approach for delaying evolution of resistance to Bt crops is the refuge strategy. Farmers are mandated to maintain an abundance of host non-Bt crops as a refuge surrounding their Bt by:   THE PROSPECTS FOR ENGINEERED INSECT-RESISTANT CROPS IN THE REAL WORLD. The production of transgenic insect-resistant plants, and their continuing development, has been a major scientific success, mirrored by the practical success of a limited number of pest-resistant genetically modified crops in some countries. The primary resistance mitigation measure for Bt crops has been the use of refuges. Simply put, a refuge is intended to provide a source of large numbers of Bt-susceptible insects to counter any resistant insects. Overall, the IRM refuge strategy has largely been successful in delaying insect resistance.

V. G. Dethier, "Insect Resistance in Crop Plants. Reginald H. Painter," The Quarterly Review of Biol no. 4 (Dec., ):   For the Love of Physics - Walter Lewin - - Duration: Lectures by Walter Lewin. They will make you ♥ Physics. Recommended for you.   In , as the world began using synthetic chemicals, Dr. Reginald Painter at Kansas State University published “Insect Resistance in Crop Plants”. He made a case that it would be better to understand how a crop plant fought off insects, since it was inevitable that insects would develop genetic or behavioral resistance.   Already, more than species of insects have evolved resistance after repeated exposure to natural and synthetic toxins. Pest populations also harbor rare genes that confer resistance to Bt. Scientists are trying to delay pest resistance to Bt crops, but progress has been stymied by lack of information about the genetic basis of such resistance.

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Insect Resistance in Crop Plants, Paperback – June 1, by Painter, Reginald Henry, (Author)Author: Painter, Reginald Henry. Brand new Book. Resistance to insect is the inheritable property that enables a plant to inhibit the growth of insect population or to recover from injury caused by populations that were not inhibited to grow.

Morphological characters viz., trichome, thickness and. insect resistance in crop plants by R.H. Painter (Author) See all 2 formats and editions Hide other formats and editionsAuthor: R.H. Painter. Techniques for Evaluating Insect Resistance in Crop Plants - CRC Press Book This comprehensive book is the first illustrated volume to provide detailed discussions of all plant genera regarding techniques developed to evaluate plant resistance to insects.

Insect resistance in crop plants. New York, Macmillan [] (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Reginald Henry Painter. Insect resistance in crop plants. [Reginald H Painter] Print book: EnglishView all editions and formats: Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects: # Field crops--Insect resistance--United States\/span>\n \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n schema. This book reviews and synthesizes the recent advances in exploiting host plant resistance to insects, highlighting the role of molecular techniques in breeding insect resistant crops.

It also provides an overview of the fascinating field of insect-plant relationships, which is fundamental to the study of host-plant resistance to insects. The intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) of the mite ranged from to day Insect resistance in crop plants. book lowest and the highest values were at 2 ppm and control plants, respectively.

The lowest net reproductive rate (R0) and finite rate of increase (λ) of the mite and the highest value of mean generation time (T) and doubling time (DT) were estimated at 2. Description: An excellent reference book for plant breeders and entomologists, Global Plant Genetic Resources for Insect-Resistant Crops combines germplasm preservation with use in insect-resistant crop development and basic research.

In this article we will discuss about the insect resistance in plants. Insect control is serious and greatest challenge for agricultural Insect resistance in crop plants. book. The global sce­nario of crop damage inflicted by insects is a matter of serious concern.

Modern agriculture provides novel solutions to age old problems. "This is a well-written, well-researched book with good illustrations and a worthy successor to Painter's Insect Resistance in Crop Plants. The authors are to be congratulated." - Bulletin of Entomological Research, Book: Insect resistance in crop plants.

pp pp. Abstract: The extraordinary complexity of interrelationships between living organisms can nowhere be more manifest than in Cited by: action) to increase the level of protection of the crop and possibly reduce the risk of insect populations developing resistance.

So far, the efficacy of insect resistant crops through Bt has been shown to be comparable to or better than the efficacy of current control methods. One reason is that fewer insecticide applications are required and inFile Size: KB.

The ubiquitous nature of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is now being mirrored in major crops plants that have been engineered through recombinant DNA to carry genes responsible for producing these crystal proteins and providing host plant resistance to major pests (Ranjekar et al., ; DeVilliers and Hoisington, ).

For centuries, humans have searched for crop plants that can survive and produce in spite of insect pests. Knowingly or unknowingly, ancient farmers selected for pest resistance genes in their crops, sometimes by actions as simple as collecting seed from only the highest-yielding plants in their the advent of genetic engineering, genes for insect resistance now can be moved into.

We tend to think of the word resistance in terms of evolutionary changes in an insect population that occur in response to repetitive exposures to pesticides or other xenobiotics used to manage insect pests in crops, homes, and gardens, or on livestock or humans (including disease vectors).

Resistance can also be defined in broader terms since insects are “resistant” to many naturally. Plant resistance to insects is a natural phenomenon based on plant self-defense mechanisms.

It results from insect-plant co-evolution and is crucial for their co-existence. During plant domestication, some important features of plant resistance may be inadvertantly removed by the breeders, increasing their susceptibility.

There is still a long way to go to achieve the complete eradication of insects that damage crop plants; for this, there is a need to undergo enormous research globally on developing insect-resistant plants by discovering novel genes similar to that of cry and Bt, which have a positive effect on the whole ecosystem rather than on any individual test species, and which provides better agriculture along with Cited by: Insect Pest Resistance: An Alternative Approach for Crop Protection.

From experience with insect resistance caused by synthetic chemical insecticides, it is clear that no single management. Discusses how to identify and develop plant materials with resistance to insect pests. Covers terminology and categories of resistance, and presents techniques for studying plant resistance.

Also gives consideration to potentially resistant material. Examines the molecular biology and genetics of insect resistance in crop plants, and insect genes capable of overcoming resistance to form insect. Insect pests are responsible for substantial crop losses worldwide through direct damage and transmission of plant diseases, and novel approaches that complement or replace broad-spectrum chemical insecticides will facilitate the sustainable intensification of food production in the coming decades.

Multiple strategies for improved crop resistance to insect pests, especially strategies Cited by:   I would argue that host plant resistance to insect pests really got going after Dr.R.H. Painter published his book “Insect Resistance in Crop Plants” in In this book, Dr.

Painter defined genetic resistance to insects. He also described the different categories of resistance (Antibiosis, Antixenosis or non-preference and tolerance. Book: Insect resistance in crop plants. pp pp. Abstract: This is a paperback edition of the book published in which was based on a comprehensive study of the literature literature Subject Category: PublicationsCited by: crop plants of economic importance.

The insect-resistant crops have made a huge economic impact worldwide since their commercial release. The cultivation of insect-resistant cultivars has resulted both in increased crop productivity and in decreased environmental pollution. In IPM, plant resistance to insects refers to the use of resistant crop varieties to suppress insect pest damage.

Plant resistance is intended to be used in conjunction with other direct control tactics. Definition of an Insect-Resistant Plant: Definitions of an insect-resistant plant are many and varied. In the broadest sense, plant resistance. Special Issues and Sections.

Special section: Insect, plant and environment interaction Guest editor: Prof. Keyan Zhu-Salzman Applied research on host-plant resistance to arthropod pests has been guided over the past 60 years by a framework originally developed by Reginald Painter in his book, Insect Resistance in Crop Plants.

Plant Breeding for Developing Resistance to Insect Pests. Another major cause for large scale destruction of crop plant and crop produce is insect and pest infestation. Insect resistance in host crop plants may be due to morphological, biochemical or physiological characteristics.

Currently there are two major groups of plant derived gene that are used to confer insect resistance on crop plant by retarding insect growth and development. 11 INSECTS RESISTANCE PLANT H I G H E R P L A N T S PROTEINASE INHIBITORS: • Plants contain peptides acting as protease inhibitors.

Plant Defense Strategies Toward Arthropod Pests. Plants have been successful in colonizing most environments and their success is due in part to their ability to resist or tolerate herbivore attack (Hanley et al., ).In a crop protection context, the system developed by Stout () is particularly useful in differentiating between two plant defense strategies and the underpinning traits Cited by: Insect-Resistant Plants.

The development of insect-resistant crops is a major success in agriculture to reduce the use of pesticides, improve quality and yield, and decreases production costs. Special Issue: Environmental Biotechnology Review Next-Generation Insect-Resistant Plants: RNAi-Mediated Crop Protection Jiang 1,3, Zhang,1,3 Sher Afzal Khan,2,4 David G.

Heckel,2,* and Ralph Bock * Plant. Insect-resistant crops have been one of the major successes of applying plant genetic engineering technology to agriculture; cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) resistant to lepidopteran larvae (caterpillars) and maize (Zea mays) resistant to both lepidopteran and coleopteran larvae (rootworms) have become widely used in global agriculture and have led to reductions in pesticide usage and lower Cited by: Dr.

Subba Reddy Palli Department Chair & State Entomologist S Agricultural Science Center North Lexington, KY [email protected]